Summary of the Old Testament History

Who’s up for reading a super long post? 😉

The Bible starts off with God speaking this world and the whole of physical matter into existence. He starts on the first day with creating light and separating the night from the day. On the morn of the second day He makes “a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters” (Genesis 1:6). The next day He speaks and dry land appears and the waters are gathered together to form seas. He also said, “Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seeds, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself on the earth.” And these things came to pass. On the fourth day of existence Christ Jesus made the stars, the sun, the moon, and so forth. On the fifth day He created sea creatures and air animals. Finally on the sixth day He created land animals and made man in the Trinity’s own image. He made Adam from the dust of the ground. He also gave the man dominion over the things He had made and God commanded Adam, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die”( Genesis 2:16-17). God also gave him a helper whom the man called woman, and the woman’s name was Eve. The serpent tempted Eve telling her that she should eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and that she would be wise and knowing good and evil if she did. So she ate the fruit and gave some to Adam, who ate of it also, casting sin on all men coming after him. So God put a curse on mankind and every person that ever lived has sinned horribly against God.

At one point in history mankind was so increasingly wicked that God sent a flood that covered the whole earth, only saving a man by the name of Noah and seven of his family members. Also God saved all kinds of animals.

Then God picked out a man, Abram (later called Abraham), whose descendants would be God’s chosen people, Israel. God promised him that his descendants would be as many in number as the sand of the sea. Abraham had a son who’s name was Isaac and he begot Jacob and Esau. Jacob (Israel) begot twelve sons, one of which was Joseph. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his other brothers. So, as you might expect, the other brothers were jealous of him and conspired against him selling him to Midianites who sold him to Egyptians in Egypt. After many hardships Joseph became second in rule over Egypt only under the Pharaoh ruling at that time. Clearly God was with him in everything he did. After many years Jacob and all his family moved down to Egypt because of famine.

Now there was a Pharaoh who began ruling the land, who hadn’t know Joseph and so made the continually increasing Israelites, slaves. They were slaves for many years and had to bear much adversity. But then there arose an Israelite who was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter. His name was Moses and around forty years of age God told him to lead the children of Israel out of Egypt. After God did many signs and wonders through Moses (because the Pharaoh put up a hard fight against Moses leading the people of Israel out of Egypt), the Pharaoh finally relented and let them go in a fury because God killed all the firstborn sons in Egypt. But not long after he let them go he changed his mind and pursued them, but God put an end to this pursuit by drowning them in the Red Sea. Unmistakably God was with the Children of Israel and would do whatever it took to deliver them.

Then the forty trying years in the wilderness began. The People of Israel grumbled over the hardships they faced in the wilderness so much so that at one point God was ready to destroy them, but Moses intervened saying, “Lord, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and relent from this harm to Your people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever’” (Ex 32:11-13).During  these forty difficult years in the wilderness Moses was giving instructions and rules from God to the people ranging from the penalty of bloodshed innocently to what their eating diets should consist of. Moses also gave the Ten Commandments to the people from God.

Moses then died in the wilderness and didn’t get to lead the children into the Promised Land.

So Joshua, Moses assistant, took up the duty and led the Israelites into Canaan where they destroyed nation after nation of people who lived in Canaan.

Following Joshua’s lead many judges judged a rebellious Israel until Samuel, the last judge. Samuel followed strongly after God .Then Israel rejected God (1 Samuel 8) and asked of Samuel for a king to reign “like all the nations”. So God anointed Saul to be king. Saul started well but ended messy and God tore the kingdom away from him and, “has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you” (1 Samuel 15). Therefore David became king, and followed after God with all his heart. Perfect? No way. But he wanted to pursue God whole-heartedly and God promised that a Seed from him would reign forever.

After David’s reign Solomon ruled and then many kings ruled over Israel and Judah, most of which did not heed God. So, because of turning their backs on God, He delivered Israel into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar and they remained in captivity for many years. All throughout David’s reign and till the end of the Old Testament lots of prophecies were given of the Messiah and thus Israel waited for the Messiah to come.











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