The Childhood of Abraham Lincoln

   Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States of America, known for his fight to abolish slavery, Assassinated April 14th, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth. Everyone knows all this but how much do they know about his childhood?

   Abraham Lincoln was born on Monday, February 12, 1809 in a one room log cabin on Sinking Spring Farm just five miles south of Elizabethtown, Kentucky. Many think he was born poor, but lots of people lived just like his family, in one room log cabins, in that time period. In fact, his father, Thomas Lincoln, was one of the richest men in the area, owning two 600 acre farms, several town lots, livestock and horses. In 1811, when he was two years old, his family moved to a farm on Knob Creek.

   In 1816, at the age of seven, he and his family moved to Indiana partly because they lost their land because of a faulty title, and partly because Mr. Lincoln wished to live in a non-slave state, which Indiana was. The Lincoln family traveled, like most people at that time would travel to new homes, with their possessions in a wagon while they walked on the side (or in front or behindJ). When they got to their house site in Perry County, Abraham helped his father to build a three sided structure, with a fire burning on the fourth side, to keep out of the weather until they could get up a log cabin. At this time Abraham was seldom seen without an ax, calling it, “that most useful instrument.”

   In 1818 a catastrophe hit the Lincoln family. The mother, Nancy, died of milk sickness. Milk sickness is caused when you drink the milk of a cow that has eaten snakeroot, a poisonous root. Sarah, Abraham’s older sister, kept house until Mr. Lincoln came home with a new wife, Sarah Johnston, in 1819. Sarah came with her three children, John, Matilda and Elizabeth. Abraham missed his mother very much, but soon came to love his new mother immensely.    

   Abraham and Sarah went to school whenever they could be spared. In the one room log schoolhouse they learned all the basic skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic. As you know Abraham soaked up all the things he learned and used it later as lawyer and President.

   Now as you think of Abraham Lincoln the President, you can also remember his childhood, a few of his hardships, his family, and how the foundation was laid for his passion to abolish slavery.



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